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International Status of Mango
(Area, Production And Productivity)

India ranks second, next only to China, with a production of 47 million tonnes from an area of 4.13 million ha during the year 2004 and accounting for 8.04 per cent of the total area under fruits in the world (51.36 mill ha) and 9.34 per cent of the total world fruit production (503.28 million tonnes). However, Banana, orange grapes and apple were the major fruits of the world accounting for 14.45, 13.23, 13.01, 12.36 per cent of total world fruit production. Mango accounted for only 3.11 of the total area under the fruits and 2.15 per cent of the total world fruit production. The total production of mango in the word was 26.11 million tonnes out of which India alone produced 10.02 million tonnes, accounting for 38.38 per cent and ranked first. The total area production of mango in the world was 26.574 million tonnes from an area of 3.69 million ha out of which India alone accounted for 40.64 per cent in terms of production and 43.36 per cent in terms of occupied area, making it the largest producer of mangoes in the world. China, Thailand, Mexico, Pakistan, Indonesia, Philippines and Brazil were other important mango producers accounting for 13.48, 6.40, 5.65, 4.10, 3.79,3.64 and 3.20 per cent of the total world mango production, respectively. Amongst the commercial producers of mango, the highest productivity of mango was found to be in Brazil, followed by Pakistan, Mexico and China.             Highest productivity of mango was observed in Cape Verde Is. (45.00 MT/ha), followed by Samoa (40.00 MT/ha), Guatemala (26.75 MT/ha), Palestine (25.00 mt/ha), Peru (22.76 MT/ha) and Israel (20.00 Mt/ha). However, the productivity was lower in the countries producing mangoes commercially. Amongst the commercial producers of mangoes, the Brazil had highest productivity viz. 12.50 Mt/ha followed by Pakistan (10.37 MT/ha), Mexico (8.65 Mt/ha) and China (8.56 Mt/ha). The productivity in India was only 6.75 MT/ha, which was considerably lower vis a-vis other countries of the world. Concerted efforts are to be made to increase the productivity of mango to meet national standards and increase its availability for the domestic as well as export market.

Table-1: Area, Production and productivity of mango in major mango producing countries of the world during 2004

Sl. No.

Countries (

Area

Production

Productivity
MT/ha

Mill. ha

Prop. (%)

(Mill. tons)

Prop. (%)

1.

India

1.600

43.36

10.800

40.64

6.75

2.

China

0.419

11.35

3.582

13.48

8.56

3.

Thailand

0.270

7.32

1.700

6.40

6.30

4.

Mexico

0.174

4.71

1.503

5.65

8.65

5.

Pakistan

0.105

2.85

1.089

4.10

10.37

6.

Indonesia

0.170

4.61

1.006

3.79

5.92

7.

Philippines

0.159

4.31

0.968

3.64

6.09

8.

Brazil

0.068

1.84

0.850

3.20

12.50

9.

Nigeria

0.125

3.39

0.730

2.75

5.84

10.

Egypt

0.045

1.22

0.327

1.23

7.27

11.

Others

0.555

15.04

4.019

15.12

 

12.

World

3.690

100.00

26. 574

100.00

7.20

(Source : Market News Service, UNCTAD/GATT, Geneva and APEDA, New Delhi)

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